The longest royal capital’s name of the
After accepting a request by the nobles and the
commoners to become King of Siam (the former name of Thailand) and subduing the
riot in Krung Thon Buri, Phrabat Somdet Phra Phutthayotfachulalok Maharat, or
King Rama I the Great, initiated the establishment of a new capital on the
eastern bank of the Chao Phraya River, for it was a better location to fight
the invaders than on the west bank where the royal kingdom of Thon Buri was
situated. Phraya Thanmathikon and Phraya Wichitnawi therefore were instructed
by the royal command as construction masters to supervise workers and craftsmen
to build the new capital. A ceremony to set the city pillar was held at 6.54
a.m. on Sunday, the tenth day of the waxing moon in the sixth month of the year
of the tiger under the lunar calendar, in the 4th year of the decade,
Chunlasakkarat Ear 1144, B.E. 2325.
Following the establishment of the Grand Palace,
a royal ceremony to crown King Rama I was held on June 10, B.E. 2325, together
with a three-day celebration for the new capital, which was royally named after
Phra Phuttha Maha Mani Rattana Patimakon as “Krung Rattanakosin In-ayothaya.”
Then, Phrabat Somdet Phra Ramathibodi Si Sinthara Maha Chetsadathibodin Phra
Nangklaochaoyuhua or King Rama III renamed the city as “Krung Thep Maha Nakhon
Bowon Rattanakosin Mahintha Ayutthaya.” Again, Phrabat Somdet Phra Poramenthara
Maha Mongkut Phra Chomklaochaoyuhua changed the word “Bowon” to “Amon,” and the
word “Mahintha Ayutthaya” to “Mahinthrayutthaya,” and added a refrain.
Eventually, Krung Rattanakosin had its full name as “Krung
Thep Maha Nakhon Amon Rattanakosin Mahinthrayutthaya Maha Dilokphop Noppharat
Ratchathani Burirom Udom Ratchaniwet Maha Sathan Amon Phiman Awatan Sathit
Sakkathattiya Witsanukam Prasit,” which means the city that is very
large like the city of angels; houses the sacred Emerald Buddha; has prosperity
and stable beauty; is abundant with the pleasant nine gems; has numerous royal
grand palaces; and is a fairy abode created on the earth by Thao Sakka Thewarat
Witsanukam for the incarnated divinities, and becomes the longest royal
capital’s name of the World.
Krung Thep (highlighted in red) is actually an
abbreviated version of the ceremonial full name, which is shown below.