Chronology of Thailand History
Siam during the Sukhothai period(late 13th. century)
8th-13th Century Thais gradually
migrated from south-western China into northern Thailand, when a major part of
what is today's Thailand was controlled by the Mons and the Khmers.
1238 King Si Inthrathit drove out the
Khmers and established the first Thai Kingdom at Sukhothai.
1275 King Ramkhamhaeng ascended the
throne. He is credited with the invention of the Thai alphabet and the
expansion of the realm of the Kingdom right down to the southern tip of Malay
Siam during King Naresuan's reign(1590-1605)
1350 A new Thai Kingdom sprang up at
Ayutthaya near the Gulf of Thailand, supplanting Sukhothai's dominance.
1569 Ayutthaya was captured by the
Burmese for the first time. Fifteen years later, King Narusuan restored Thai
1656 King Nari was enthroned. He
adopted a friendly policy towards foreigners, especially the Europeans, and
Ayutthaya became a great metropolis of the world.
1767 After a 15-month siege,
Ayutthaya was again overrun by the Burmese in April. The city was burnt down.
Temples and palaces were emptied of priceless treasures and many survivors were
marched off to Burma as prisoners. In October, the capital was recovered by
Phraya Tak, who was crowned as King Taskin with Thon Buri ( now part of Bangkok
) as capital.
Siam during early Bangkok period(1782-1851)
1782 King Rama I. founded the Chakri
dynasty and moved the capital across the Choa Phraya River to Bangkok.
1851 King Mongkut, or Rama IV, was
enthroned after 27 years as a Buddhist monk. The first monarch in Asia who
mastered English, he set the country on the path to modernization.
1868-1910 King Chulalongkorn
continued his fathers reforms, leading Thailand steadily into the 20th century.
He abolished the slavery system and succeeded in making Thailand the only
south-eastern Asian country that averted Western colonialism.
1932 A bloodless coup took place
changing an absolute monarchy into a constitutional monarchy. In 1935, King
The present boundary of Thailand
1946King Ananda Mahidol mysteriously died
of a gunshot wound. His brother Bhumibol Adulyadej became the 9th
King of the dynasty and has now surpassed his grandfather Chulalongkorn as the
longest reigning King in Thai history. He has launched numerous projects in
rural development and has been a stabilization factor in Thai politics. Under
his reign, Thailand has made rapid progress in the economy and is emerging as a
newly industrialized country.